Eem bm networks
5.5 Different networks that should be present in an inclusive ecosystem Networks can be categorized according to the types of problems they address or to what extent they seek to actually achieve rather than fight change. They can for instance to aim to solve “trans-boundary problems” of cross-border movement such as money laundering, pollution or drug trafficking; or “simultaneous problems” of nations experiencing similar problems in areas of education; health, welfare, urbanization, and population growth. An inclusive ecosystem, as per definition, tries to achieve a change or to provide an infrastructure where other stakeholders sell-organize and offer different collaboration between countries on the same hierarchical level (horizontal collaboration) but at the same time possibilities to offer both pubic funded, private funded and micro financed services and goods. The different types of networks of importance for the infrastructure of an inclusive ecosystem and the role they can have in an inclusive ecosystem are described below: 5.5.1 Knowledge Networks To develop new thinking, research, ideas and policies that can be helpful in solving transnational problems. Their emphasis is on the creation of new ideas not their advocacy. Knowledge networks should scale continuously creating new collaborative ideas, encouraging participation from individuals no matter where they live or what language they speak. The knowledge network in an inclusive ecosystem should support knowledge creation around products, services, good and disseminate ideas for open innovation and worth spreading in order to match developers’ and customers’ needs in a more realistic manner. 5.5.2 Policy Networks To create government policy even though they are not networks of government policy makers, policy networks are non-state webs that include non-governmental players in the creation of government policy. They may or may not be created, encouraged or even opposed by formal governments of government institutions. However, powered by global multi-stakeholder collaboration they are becoming a material force to be reckoned with in global policy development. Their activities cover the range of steps in the policy process, beyond to policy proposals or lobbying, including agenda setting, policy formulation, rulemaking, coordination, implementation, and evaluation. Their expertise can often play an important role in global debates and the establishing of norms. 5.5.3 Advocacy Networks To change the agenda or policies of governments, corporations or other institutions. An advocacy network, challenges business leaders to rethink not only their business strategy, but also their larger purpose and role in the global marketplace. Such network should contribute to visualize issues of importance for people with disabilities and ask for direct actions, lobbing governments and ensuring that the views and values of people with disabilities influence decisions that affect them. 5.5.4 Watchdog Networks To ensure business of transparency, scrutinizing institutions to ensure that behave appropriately. Topics range from human rights, corruption and the environment to financial services. Customers and citizens can evaluate the worth of products and services at levels not possible before. Stakeholders participating in an inclusive ecosystem should characterized for being transparent, prepared for developing a brand or reputation that is sustainable over time and facilitate management systems, early warning systems or visualization of open source support systems. Table 20: Networks Type of network Intelligent agent Description
Knowledge network Resource Manager In charge of content and resources to create innovations and disseminate ideas that match people with disabilities needs. Policy Network Bandwidth Manager Regulates the networks according to trafﬁc- overload, chicken egg issues, multihoming Watchdog network Security Content Manager Controls the networks to get a good and guarantees that content is delivered at the right place at the right time and that policies and regulations are followed Advocacy network Media Manager Manage the deep archive, the transcoding and the delivery multimodal content, multichannel user interaction allowing that users influence the choice of the channels used
In addition to this, to be able to match these challenges P4All needs to: • Offer structures with fixed components, independent the number of transactions in form of subscriptions, feed, honor cards, special rules contractually defined or possibility to discriminate among agents of the opposite market side. • Offer mechanisms to identify who pays what, if any payment is needed, in order to get both sides on board. • Offer a possibility to hold constant the total of prices faced by all the parties. This is because, any change in the price structure (or distribution of the goods and services) would affect participation and reduce the number of interactions.