Economic and Design Models Common Words, Terms, Phrases
Should probably move to the GPII Wiki once we have the first draft finished.
(these need consistent definitions -- they need to be most meaningful to us and what we are doing rather than being overly generic.)
Market - vv
Ecosystem - vv
Infrastructure - kms
Inclusive Ecosystem - vv/kms/IDRC
Inclusive/Inclusion - IDRC
Inclusive Design - IDRC
Disability According to EU’s definition, disability is that a person is considered to have a disability if he or she has a long-term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairment which, in interaction with various barriers, may hinder his or her full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others . Definition of Disability according to Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) and EU.
Stakeholder A “stakeholder” is “any group or individual who can affect or is affected by the solution of the problem addressed by the network.
Taxonomy (from Ancient Greek “arrangement and method”) is the science of identifying and naming species, and arranging them into a classification. The Dynamics of Development taxonomies have been applied to the classification of biological species and organisms, but the concept has been adapted to refer to the classification of many complex phenomena.
Platforms Some networks seek to provide platforms for other networks to organize. This category is completely new, enabled by the Internet, which provides the technology infrastructure for platforms. Platforms are more than technology. They include some kind of technology but also organizational capability that facilitates collective action.
Exchange covers various match-making activities such as services. It also covers traditional exchanges such as, internet sites for business-to-business, person-to-business, and person-to-person transactions, various kinds of brokers (insurance and real estate) and financial exchanges for securities and futures contracts. Exchanges include also a variety of businesses that provide brokerage services. These include publishers (readers and authors), literary agents (authors and publishers), and individual based services (people who go to get some individual, and people who sponsor, or sell the services).
Business models were defined in a previous report as “a description of how an organization creates, delivers and captures value of boundary-spanning activities (performed by a focal firm or others) focusing mainly on value creation as well as on value capture” (Zott et al, 2011).
Multi-side platforms were defined in a previous report as: “an organization that creates value primarily by enabling direct interaction between two (or more) distinct types of customers”. They are characterized by bringing together two or more interdependent groups of customers and by creating value through network effects.